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Little Black Dots on Your Plants? (The Causes and Treatment)

Little Black Dots on Your Plants? (The Causes and Treatment)

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Imagine you’re walking through the garden and find little black dots on several of your plants. Should you be worried?

The quick answer is yes, you should! Finding little black dots on plants can be an alarming issue. These black spots indicate that your plants are sick and in need of immediate attention.

Don’t worry. In this article, I’ll discuss the main causes of the black dots. You’ll learn about the bacteria, fungi, or other factors behind the spots. Plus, I’ll teach you how to best treat your beloved plants.

Are you ready to rescue your sick plants? Let’s dive in!

What Do Black Spots on Plant Stems Mean?

The little black spots on your plants are one of the most common signs of plant disease. It could be a result of bacteria, fungi, and even moisture in the air!

You might notice a few of them, or they might go undetected for weeks on the bottom of the leaves. If you don’t find black spots right away, they’ll make your plants weak and may eventually kill them.

Sadly, there’s no one solution to black dots, and different types of diseases can lead to these spots. Understanding the cause is the key to treating your plants effectively.

Sooty Mold

What Causes Little Black Dots on Your Plants? 4 Reasons You Should Know About!

Below are the top four causes of little black dots on plants.

1. Black Spot Fungus

Black spot fungus, or Diplocarpon rosae, is the main culprit of black dots on roses or other plants with fleshy leaves. It develops in the spring, particularly when temperatures are in the sixties.

Constant rain or water makes the spots appear, and they’ll continue to spread until the leaves turn yellow. Over time, it causes the leaves on rose plants to fall off.

How to Treat Black Spot Fungus

To manage black spot fungus, prune off the affected areas and dispose of the dropped leaves around the plant. Try to improve the airflow by moving your plants away from each other.

Next, wash off any dirt or bugs on the sick plant. Keep the plant under a roof when it’s raining, and place it under sunlight during the morning.

In severe cases, using fungicides, neem oil, and sulfur on the leaves may help as well.

2. Sooty Mold

Sooty mold is a disease that comes when you have aphids feeding on your plants. The aphids leave behind a sugary substance, and the sooty mold fungus grows on this honeydew.

This disease starts as small black dots that spread across the leaves. The mold itself doesn’t hurt your plant, but it blocks the leaves from getting sunlight. As a result, the mold interferes with the plant’s ability to perform photosynthesis.

As sooty mold spreads across the leaves, it will eventually make it impossible for the plant to get what it needs to survive.

How to Treat Sooty Mold

To manage sooty mold, first, get rid of the aphids wreaking havoc on your plants. You may do this by using soapy water, neem oil, or essential oils. Vinegar is another effective substance, as it’s lethal to most insects.

All you have to do is mix these ingredients with water and spray the affected area. Additionally, you can put your green thumb to good use and grow plants that repel aphids. These include herbs such as dill, fennel, catnip, and marigolds.

It’s important to protect your plants from aphids if you want to prevent black spots from appearing!

3. Powdery Mildew

Another possible disease is powdery mildew. This disease starts with white and gray spots on the top of the leaves. Over time, it’ll cover the entire plant.

Powdery mildew is also a fungus, and it can stunt the growth of plants. On top of this, it spreads to other plants that are nearby!

How to Treat Powdery Mildew

To get rid of powdery mildew, avoid overwatering your plants. Make sure to water directly into the soil to avoid getting the leaves wet.

Moreover, you can avoid fertilizing your plant to stunt its growth. Powdery mildew develops on new growth, and fertilizing causes it to spread.

You may spray the plant’s leaves with a baking soda, soap, and water mixture.

4. Bacterial Leaf Spot

Bacterial leaf spot, or blight, is a disease caused by harsh weather conditions and moist air. This disease starts as tiny dark brown to black spots with a yellow ring surrounding each dot.

At times, the center of the spots dry up, and holes form in the middle. Bacterial leaf spot affects the shoots, flowers, and leaves of trees and shrubs.

How to Treat Bacterial Leaf Spot

Fungicides don’t work on bacterial leaf spots. Instead, you must use copper or streptomycin sprays on infected plants.

Make sure to trim infected branches and burn or bury them to avoid contamination.

Aphid Damage On Zucchini Plant

How Can You Prevent Black Dots on Plants? 5 Useful Tips

Having little black dots on your plants is common and almost inevitable. However, it’s still best to take extra measures to prevent it from happening.

Here are five preventive methods you may use to avoid black spot diseases.

1. Check Plants Regularly

The best way to prevent black dots on your plants is to take care of your plants and check them regularly. It’s essential to take action swiftly if you see any signs of black spots on your plants.

In addition, you need to make sure that your plants are in ideal conditions. Healthy plants are far less likely to succumb to diseases. You can do this by giving your plants plenty of sunlight and nutrients.

2. Avoid Wetting the Leaves

One of my best tips is to water your plant regularly, but don’t water the leaves. Make sure to limit the amount of time the leaves stay wet.

Instead, do bottom watering and have proper drainage holes in your plant pots. If the ground is too wet, you should hold back on watering or even replace the soil!

3. Use Mulch

Another way to prevent black spots is to add a thick layer of mulch around the plant.

The mulch absorbs the impact of water and prevents soil from splashing up to the plant. This means you can avoid spreading the fungus or spores within the soil.

Aside from that, check your mulch for rotting wood. Always use fresh and clean mulch for your plants.

4. Spray Plants With Fungicide

Spraying Plant With Fungicide

Did you know that you can make sprays that help prevent black spot diseases from occurring?

A simple baking soda and water mixture is great as a preventive spray. You can also use other products such as neem oil, fungicides, insecticides, and sulfur.

These substances will prevent insects that lead to plant disease, as well as the fungi and mold itself.

5. Space Plants Apart

Black spots are mold and fungi with spores that can travel in the breeze. Meaning, sick plants can affect other nearby vegetation.

Due to this, it’s vital to have enough space between plants for ventilation. You should also let the plants sit in the sunlight with enough air circulation.

Remember to look for any signs of spots and address them right away when you find them. Ensure that you prune leaves overcome by fungus. Throw these out in a sealed garbage bag or burn them whenever possible.

Can Plants Recover from Black Spots?

Yes! Your plants can recover from the little black dots. Do note that the infected leaves will never recover, which is why you should cut them off.

However, once you remove the fungus from the plant and treat it with fungicide, new healthy growth will appear.

What I love about plants is that they’re resilient. Your plants will certainly bounce back with enough care and attention.

Final Thoughts

Noticing black spots on your plants can be upsetting, but don’t worry. It’s possible to revive your plant and make it healthy again.

Take steps to prevent black spot disease from affecting your plants, and make sure that you treat it right away when you notice it!

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Diane

Saturday 17th of September 2022

Thanks so much for this valuable information!