Peach is one of the most popular consumed fruits in the world. It grows on the peach tree, and if you want, you can easily grow one in your garden as well.
Like all other fruit trees, the peach tree also requires a considerable amount of care and attention over the course of the year. If you are careful, you will be able to force even more blooms, and it’s going to allow the tree to develop and open much earlier.
One of the key things that you should know regarding peach tree maintenance is pruning. If you do not prune your tree on a regular basis, you are doing it wrong. However, while pruning is essential, you should know that it should be done with considerable care. If you don’t know how to prune the trees yourself, you should not meddle with it.
Keep in mind that on average, peach trees tend to take anywhere between three and four years to bloom out. So, if you don’t see the results of your actions quickly, you should not get impatient. Peaches tend to grow best in areas that experience a hot summer, and where the winter temperatures fall consistently below 45 degrees Fahrenheit.
These fruits are not as hardy as apples, so they require a bit more care. If you live in USDA zones 5 through 9, you can easily grow peach trees in your garden or your backyard. You need to plant them under the full sun, because they require a lot of sunlight.
While the plant can tolerate a bit of shade, it’s going to hinder its progress ever so slightly, so if you want them to bloom quickly, choose a spot that receives direct sunlight throughout the day. Also, plant it in light and loamy soil, because that’s where you want it to be.
If you plant it in an area where the soil remains wet constantly, the roots will begin to rot very quickly. All peach trees usually bloom in the spring and will continue to ripen during the late summer, and until the early fall. Depending upon the weather conditions and the type of peach tree that you have planted, the month in which they bloom will vary.
Now, you should know that there are a few ways by which you can get your peach trees to bloom much quicker. Here are a few tips to help you bloom the peach tree quickly.
How to Make Your Peach Tree Bloom More Quickly
1 – Branches to Prune
As mentioned above, pruning is essential to the growth of the peach tree. You need to determine which branches you are going to prune in the last few weeks of fall, or the early months of winter.
You need to look for branches that are broken or are about to break. These take up quite a bit of moisture and nutrients from the tree, and you shouldn’t expect many blooms from them as well.
Also, look for diseased or darkened limbs. Older limbs that cover the new ones should also be removed because otherwise, the lower limbs won’t be able to get direct sunlight. As is the norm, removing the older growth is going to encourage new growth. A pole pruner or a hand saw are both excellent tools.
2 – Fertilizing the Tree
Next, you will want to fertilize the tree at an adequate time. Ideally, you should fertilize the tree in the early spring, because the weather is still cool by then. If you try to fertilize when the bloom begins to develop, you are too late.
A low nitrogen fertilizer is an excellent choice, such as one that comes with the “5-10-10” rating. Fertilizers that contain lower nitrogen levels promote a bigger bloom.
3 – Trimming the New Shoots
During the early spring, you need to trim the new shoots and the old limbs from the tree. While new growth is always necessary to maintain the health of the tree, you need to understand that it’s going to continue adding new growth over the course of the spring.
The bloom usually develops on the limbs that have lasted for over a year. You can’t expect bloom on the newer limbs, so it’s best to remove them. That’s why you need to get a pair of pruning shears and get to work on the new growth.
Again, this is important because the tree will be able to focus all of its nutrient resources on the surviving limbs. Ultimately, this will lead to more buds.
4 – Watering the Roots
You need warm water for this one. Once you notice the flower buds beginning to develop, you need to water the roots of the tree. Germination of the buds usually takes place in the cold weather, but they aren’t going to blossom until the weather turns warm.
In most blooming situations, the weather will have full control. However, if you add some warm water to the roots, you will be able to accelerate the process ever so slightly. The tree will appear to warm up from the root system, and you will notice the bloom much quicker.
However, you need to take caution with this step. A common mistake that many people make is that they tend to use boiling water, hoping that the soil will neutralize the temperature. That is a bad idea, and can harm the tree significantly. You need to make sure that you only use lukewarm water for this.
At the end of the day, it’s all about the weather conditions. If there is a late frost in your area, it’s going to kill the bloom completely, especially if you force them out too early. If the weather is in your favor, you will get to see a wonderful bloom. If the weather isn’t in your favor for the year, you might not get that beautiful peachy bloom that you were looking for.
These are just a few things that you should know about blooming peach trees and the steps you need to take.